Glyconjugates in epidermal, branchial and digestive mucous cells and gastric glands of gilthead sea bream, Sparus aurata, Senegal sole, Solea senegalensis and Siberian sturgeon, Acipenser baeri development
Abstractand the gastric glands of larvae/postlarvae (from hatching until 45 days posthatching) of three fish species (two teleostean and a chondrostean) were investigated using conventional histochemical methods (periodic acid schiff –PAS-, diastase-PAS; alcian blue pH 0.5, 1 and 2.5) in order to distinguish neutral and acidic (carboxylated and sulphated) glycoconjugates, as well as bromophenol blue reaction for identification of proteins. Additionally, the presence and distribution of sugar residues in the oligosaccharide side chains of glycoconjugates were investigated using horseradish peroxidase (HPR)-conjugated lectins (Con A, DBA, WGA and UEA-I). Most mucous cells (digestive, epidermal and branchial) of Siberian sturgeon, Acipenser baeri, sea bream, Sparus aurata and Senegal sole, Solea senegalensis larvae were PAS- and alcian blue- (pH 2.5 and 0.5) positive, with small variations between organs/tissues and species. Bromophenol blue reaction (general proteins) was positive in a minority of the mucous cells, usually in those cells which were PAS-negative. Proteins rich in sulphydryl (-SH) and/or disulphide (-S-S-) groups related with the glycoprotein nature of the glycoconjugates present in mucous cells were also observed. Epidermal, branchial and digestive mucous cells of all studied larvae did not contain glycogen or lipids.
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Copyright (c) 2009 C Sarasquete, E Gisbert, L Ribeiro, L Vieira, Mt Dinis
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