Histological and histochemical study of female germ cell development in the dusky grouper Epinephelus marginatus (Lowe, 1834)
AbstractThe developmental stages of female germ cells were analysed in a wild population of the protogynous teleost Epinephelus marginatus (Lowe, 1834). 321 wild dusky grouper females were collected in the South Mediterranean Sea during the spawning season and their ovaries analysed using histological and histochemical techniques. Oocyte morphology, nucleus-cytoplasm ratio (N/C) range, location and movements of cytoplasmic inclusions during primary growth, vitellogenesis and final oocyte maturation were described. The distribution of proteins, lipids and carbohydrates through oocyte development was also investigated in 50 females. Lipid vesicles appeared firstly in the mid ooplasm of oocytes larger than 130mm, at the beginning of the secondary growth phase. Immediately afterwards, small carbohydrate granules (PAS and Alcian blue positive) appeared before the occurrence of the first yolk granules. Tyrosine-enriched proteins were especially evidenced in the zona radiata interna of late vitellogenic oocytes. Specific lectin binding patterns reflected characteristic differences in the content and distribution of specific sugar moieties expressed in the oocytes during vitellogenesis and final maturation. At the end of vitellogenesis and during final maturation, follicular cells, zona radiata, and cortical alveoli were characterised by a strong increase of specific binding for WGA.
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Copyright (c) 2009 A Mandich, A Massari, S Bottero, G Marino
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