Morphological changes in the frog cerebellar cortex after unilateral section of the statoacustic nerve
AbstractTo investigate a possible role of the cerebellum in vestibular compensation that follows a lesion to the vestibular apparatus, the morphological changes of the cerebellar cortex of adult frogs following unilateral statoacustic nerve section was analyzed by means of electron microscopy starting from 3 days after the neurectomy for up to 6 months. On the ipsilateral side, massive abnormality was found in all layers at early postsurgical intervals. This involved both nerve fibers and cell bodies. Fibers often appeared condensed or vacuolated with poorly compacted myelin sheath. Cells had electronlucent and vacuolated cytoplasm to varying extent. Alterations became less conspicuous after 30 days and after 60 days altered nerve cells were no longer present. On the contralateral side, only a few Purkinje and granule cells were affected at early postsurgical stages. This may derive from the fact that, in the frog, some of the vestibular primary afferents reach contralateral cerebellar cortex. At 30 days, alterations had substantially progressed, and at 60 days they involved all the cortical layers. Fiber debris was present in the granular and molecular layers and numerous 317 Purkinje cells were electrondense and shrunken. This lateness in alteration may be a consequence of the prolonged silence of the vestibular nucleus contralateral to the lesion. At 4 and 6 months the tissue architecture was normal.
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Copyright (c) 2010 D. Necchi, E. Scherini, L. Botta, C. Soldani, P. Valli, G. Bernocchi
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