Glycol methacrylate embedding for the histochemical study of the gastrointestinal tract of dogs naturally infected with Leishmania infantum

  • A.J.W. Pinto Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil.
  • I.F.G. de Amorim | izabelafga@gmail.com Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil.
  • L.J. Pinheiro Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil.
  • I.M.V.M. Madeira Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil.
  • C.C. Souza Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil.
  • H. Chiarini-Garcia Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil.
  • M.V. Caliari Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil.
  • W.L. Tafuri Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Abstract

In canine visceral leishmaniasis a diffuse chronic inflammatory exudate and an intense parasite load throughout the gastrointestinal tract has been previously reported. However, these studies did not allow a properly description of canine cellular morphology details. The aim of our study was to better characterize these cells in carrying out a qualitative and quantitative histological study in the gastrointestinal tract of dogs naturally infected with Leishmania infantum by examining gut tissues embedded in glycol methacrylate. Twelve infected adult dogs were classified in asymptomatic and symptomatic. Five uninfected dogs were used as controls. After necropsy, three samples of each gut segment, including esophagus, stomach, duodenum, jejunum, ileum, cecum, colon, and rectum were collected and fixed in Carnoy’s solution for glycol methacrylate protocols. Sections were stained with hematoxylin-eosin, toluidine blue borate, and periodic acid–Schiff stain. Leishmania amastigotes were detected by immunohistochemistry employed in both glycol methacrylate and paraffin embedded tissues. The quantitative histological analysis showed higher numbers of plasma cells, lymphocytes and macrophages in lamina propria of all segments of GIT of infected dogs than controls. The parasite load was more intense and cecum and colon, independently of the clinical status of these dogs. Importantly, glycol methacrylate embedded tissue stained with toluidine blue borate clearly revealed mast cell morphology, even after mast cell degranulation. Infected dogs showed lower numbers of mast cells in all gut segments than did controls.  Despite the glycol methacrylate (GMA) protocol requires more attention and care than the conventional paraffin processing, this embedding procedure proved to be especially suitable for the present histological study, where it allowed to preserve and observe cell morphology in fine detail.

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Author Biographies

A.J.W. Pinto, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
Departamento de Patologia Geral, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas
I.F.G. de Amorim, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

Departamento de Patologia Geral
Instituto de Ciências Biológicas

L.J. Pinheiro, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

Departamento de Patologia Geral
Instituto de Ciências Biológicas

I.M.V.M. Madeira, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

Departamento de Patologia Geral
Instituto de Ciências Biológicas

C.C. Souza, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

Departamento de Patologia Geral
Instituto de Ciências Biológicas

H. Chiarini-Garcia, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

Departamento de Morfologia
Instituto de Ciências Biológicas

M.V. Caliari, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
Departamento de Patologia Geral
W.L. Tafuri, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

Departamento de Patologia Geral
Instituto de Ciências Biológicas

Published
2015-10-26
Info
Issue
Section
Technical Notes
Supporting Agencies
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento da Pesquisa Tecnológica e Científica, Fundação de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais.
Keywords:
Glycol methacrylate, embedding, light microscopy, canine visceral leishmaniasis, dogs.
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How to Cite
Pinto, A., de Amorim, I., Pinheiro, L., Madeira, I., Souza, C., Chiarini-Garcia, H., Caliari, M., & Tafuri, W. (2015). Glycol methacrylate embedding for the histochemical study of the gastrointestinal tract of dogs naturally infected with Leishmania infantum. European Journal of Histochemistry, 59(4). https://doi.org/10.4081/ejh.2015.2546