Occurrence of nitric oxide synthase in Megoura viciae Buckton(Homoptera, Aphididae): an histochemical and immunohistochemical localisation
AbstractNitric oxide (NO) is known to be involved in many physiological reactions of insects. We analysed NOS localisation in aphids of the species Megoura viciae by means of histochemical reaction for the NADPH-diaphorase activity and immunohistochemical methods for uNOS, nNOS and iNOS. The obtained data provided a complex and peculiar pattern of NOS distribution in cells and tissue of M. viciae. The histochemical reaction for NADPH-diaphorase was an indicative, but not exact marker of NOS localisation in aphids. The use of anti uNOS antiserum (frequently applied in insects) was of limited value in our specimens, whereas more satisfactory results were obtained with anti nNOS and iNOS antisera of human origin. The results of Western blot analysis confirmed the immunohistochemical ones, showing an aphid protein that reacted strongly with the polyclonal antibody anti-iNOS and anti-nNOS while a similar protein band was weakly immunoreactive with the polyclonal antibody anti-uNOS. Our results suggest that NO, prevalently synthesised by calcium/calmodulin-dependent isoform, plays important physiological roles both in adult and embryological stages of aphids. The data of principal interest was NOS presence in bacteriocytes, cells that host symbiotic prokaryotes belonging to the species Buchnera aphidicola, and in nuclei of adipocytes and gut cells.
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Copyright (c) 2009 S Ganassi, D Tagliazucchi, L Mola
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