β-catenin mediates the effect of GLP-1 receptor agonist on ameliorating hepatic steatosis induced by high fructose diet
The hypoglycemic drug GLP-1 receptor agonist can ameliorate hepatic steatosis but the mechanism is not clear. Intake of high fructose leads to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease by stimulating lipid synthesis, and β-catenin is the key molecule for realizing GLP-1 function in extrahepatic tissues; with the discovery of GLP-1 receptor in liver, we speculate that β-catenin might mediate GLP-1 receptor agonist on ameliorating hepatic steatosis induced by high fructose. Wistar rats were fed with high fructose diet for 8 weeks and then treated with GLP-1 receptor agonist exenatide for 4 weeks; the changes of lipid synthesis pathway factors, the expression and nuclear translocation of β-catenin, and the hepatic steatosis of the rats were observed. After the intervention of exenatide, the hepatic steatosis induced by high fructose was improved, the nuclear translocation and expression of β-catenin were facilitated, and the mRNA and protein expression of the upstream regulator SREBP-1 and the downstream key enzymes ACC, FAS and SCD-1 of de novo lipogenesis were down-regulated. GLP-1 receptor agonist may ameliorate hepatic steatosis induced by high fructose by β-catenin regulating de novo lipogenesis pathway. GLP-1 receptor agonist may be a potential new drug for the treatment of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, and the β-catenin may be an important target for the drug therapy.
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