Overexpression of ubiquitin-specific protease 22 predicts poor survival in patients with early-stage non-small cell lung cancer
AbstractUbiquitin-specific protease 22 (USP22), a novel ubiquitin hydrolase, has been implicated in oncogenesis and cancer progression in various types of human cancer. However, the clinical significance of USP22 expression in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has not been determined. In the present study, USP22 messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein levels were analyzed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and western blot analysis in 30 cases of NSCLC and in corresponding non-tumor tissue samples. Furthermore, immunohistochemistry was performed to detect USP22 protein expression in 86 primary tumor tissues derived from clinically annotated NSCLC cases at stage I-II. In our analysis we found that both USP22 mRNA and protein levels in NSCLC tissues were significantly higher than those in corresponding non-tumor tissues and that there was a significant correlation between the expression of USP22 mRNA and protein (P=0.000, Îº=0.732). In addition, a high-level of USP22 expression was observed in 53.3% (39 out of 86) cases and it was correlated with large tumor size (P=0.029) and lymph node metastasis (P=0.026). Patients with tumors displaying a high-level of USP22 expression showed significantly shorter survival (P=0.006, log-rank test). Importantly, multivariate analysis showed that high USP22 protein expression was an independent prognostic factor for NSCLC patients (P=0.003). In sum, our data suggest that USP22 plays an important role in NSCLC progression at the early stage, and that overexpression of USP22 in tumor tissues could be used as a potential prognostic marker for patients with early clinical stage of NSCLC.
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Copyright (c) 2012 J. Ning, J. Zhang, W. Liu, Y. Lang, Y. Xue, S. Xu
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