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Varying effects of EGF, HGF and TGFβ on formation of invadopodia and invasiveness of melanoma cell lines of different origin

A. Makowiecka, A. Simiczyjew, D. Nowak, A.J. Mazur
  • A. Makowiecka
    University of Wrocław, Department of Cell Pathology, Poland
  • A. Simiczyjew
    University of Wrocław, Department of Cell Pathology, Poland
  • D. Nowak
    University of Wrocław, Department of Cell Pathology, Poland


The understanding of melanoma malignancy mechanisms is essential for patient survival, because melanoma is responsible for ca. 75% of deaths related to skin cancers. Enhanced formation of invadopodia and extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation are two important drivers of cell invasion, and actin dynamics facilitate protrusive activity by providing a driving force to push through the ECM. We focused on the influence of epidermal growth factor (EGF), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) on melanoma cell invasiveness, since they are observed in the melanoma microenvironment. All three factors stimulated invasion of A375 and WM1341D cells derived from primary tumor sites. In contrast, only EGF and HGF stimulated invasion of WM9 and Hs294T cells isolated from lymph node metastases. Enhanced formation of invadopodia and ECM degradation underlie the increased amount of invasive cells after stimulation with the tested agents. Generally, a rise in invasive potential was accompanied by a decrease in actin polymerization state (F:G ratio). The F:G ratio remained unchanged or was even increased in metastatic cell lines treated with TGFβ. Our findings indicate that the effects of stimulation with EGF, HGF and TGFβ on melanoma cell invasiveness could depend on melanoma cell progression stage. 


EGF; HGF; TGFβ; actin cytoskeleton; melanoma; invasion; metastasis.

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Submitted: 2016-09-21 11:15:03
Published: 2016-12-09 13:21:54
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Copyright (c) 2016 Aleksandra Makowiecka, Aleksandra Simiczyjew, Dorota Nowak, Antonina Joanna Mazur

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