Anastomotic healing in a rat model of peritonitis after non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug administration
The tissue inflammatory response can influence the outcome of anastomotic healing. Anastomotic leakage represents a dreadful complication after gastrointestinal surgery, in particular sepsis and intra-abdominal infections impair the restorative process of colic anastomoses. It has been debated whether the administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is a risk factor for dehiscence, since many patients receive NSAIDs in the early postoperative period. Our aim was, for the first time, to analyze the morpho-functional effects of postoperative administration of two commonly used NSAIDs, Diclofenac and Ketorolac, on the healing process of colo-colic anastomoses constructed under condition of fecal peritonitis in a rat model. Sixty adult male rats underwent two surgical procedures: peritonitis induction and colo-colic anastomosis, and were divided into three groups: 20 rats received saline; 20 rats 4 mg/kg Diclofenac and 20 rats 5 mg/kg Ketorolac. We assessed anastomosis strength, morphological features of tissue wound healing, immunohistochemical metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) expression and collagen deposition and content by Sirius red staining and hydroxyproline level. We found no significant difference in bursting pressure, collagen content and organization and morphological features between the groups, except a significantly reduced presence of inflammatory cells and MMP9 expression in the groups treated with NSAIDs. Our findings showed that Diclofenac and Ketorolac administration did not affect post-surgical healing and did not increase the leakage risk of colo-colic anastomoses during peritonitis.
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