Combination of tolvaptan and valsartan improves cardiac and renal functions in doxorubicin-induced heart failure in mice

Submitted: 21 September 2022
Accepted: 2 November 2022
Published: 11 November 2022
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Heart failure (HF) is often complicated by renal dysfunction. Tolvaptan and valsartan are two well-known agents for the treatment of HF. However, the role of tolvaptan/valsartan combination on HF with renal dysfunction remains unclear. To establish a mice model with HF with renal dysfunction, mice were intraperitoneally injected with doxorubicin (Dox). Echocardiogram was applied to assess the left ventricular function. Additionally, serum aldosterone (ALD) and angiotensin II (Ang II) level in mice were determined by ELISA. Meanwhile, western blot assay was used to evaluate the expressions of B cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2 associated X (Bax) and cleaved caspase 3 in the heart and kidney tissues of mice. In this study, we found that compared to tolvaptan or valsartan alone treatment group, tolvaptan/valsartan combination obviously improved the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and the left ventricular fractional shortening (LVFS), and reduced serum ALD and Ang II level in Dox-treated mice. Additionally, tolvaptan/valsartan combination significantly prevented the inflammation and fibrosis of heart and kidney tissues in Dox-treated mice. Meanwhile, tolvaptan/valsartan combination notably inhibited the myocardial and renal cell apoptosis in Dox-treated mice via upregulation of Bcl-2 and downregulation of Bax and cleaved caspase 3, compared to the single drug treatment. Collectively, tolvaptan/valsartan combination could improve cardiac and renal functions, as well as prevent the fibrosis, inflammation and apoptosis of heart and kidney tissues in Dox-treated mice. Taken together, combining tolvaptan with valsartan might be a promising approach to achieve enhanced therapeutic effect for treatment of HF with renal dysfunction.

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This study was approved by the Animal Experimental Committee of The Central Hospital of Wuhan, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology.

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Scientific Research Project of Wuhan Health Commission

How to Cite

Yan, F. ., Zhu, H., He, Y. ., Wu, Q. ., & Duan, X. . (2022). Combination of tolvaptan and valsartan improves cardiac and renal functions in doxorubicin-induced heart failure in mice. European Journal of Histochemistry, 66(4). https://doi.org/10.4081/ejh.2022.3563