High-level detection of gene amplification and chromosome aneuploidy in extracted nuclei from paraffin-embedded tissue of human cancer using FISH: a new approach for retrospective studies
AbstractA novel application of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) to isolated nuclei is described. The method detects gene amplification and chromosome aneuploidy in extracted nuclei from paraffin-embedded tissue of human cancer with greater sensitivity and specificity than existing FISH methods. In this study, the method is applied to signal detection of the HER-2/neu (c-erbB-2) gene, whose amplification is one of the most common genetic alterations associated with human breast cancer. Nuclei were extracted and isolated from formalin fixed, paraffin embedded tissue of 43 different carcinomas (breast, ovary, endometrium, gastrointestinal stromal tumor and malignant mesothelioma). FISH was performed both on sections and extracted nuclei of each tissue using chromosome enumeration probes (CEP) for the centromeric regions of chromosomes 8 and 17, and a locus specific identifier (LSI) for the HER-2/neu oncogene. Differences between ploidy calculated in sections and extracted nuclei were seen in 3 breast carcinomas and 1 gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). Furthermore, 1 breast cancer, previously considered to be borderline for HER-2/neu gene amplification turned out to be clearly amplified. Nuclei extraction and isolation bypass all the problems related to signal interpretation in tissue sections, and the adoption of this new technique, which improves the signal quality in several neoplastic samples, is suggested.
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Copyright (c) 2009 E Rossi, A Ubiali, P Balzarini, M Cadei, F Alpi, PG Grigolato
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