Productive infection of HUVEC by HHV-8 is associated with changes compatible with angiogenic transformation

Abstract

Kaposi’s Sarcoma (KS) is an angioproliferative disease associated with human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) infection.We have characterized the morphologic and phenotypic modifications of HUVEC in a model of productive HHV-8 infection. HHV-8 replication was associated with ultra-structural changes, flattened soma and a loss of marginal folds and intercellular contacts, and morphologic features, spindle cell conversion and cordon-like structures formation. Phenotypic changes observed on cordon-like structures included partial loss and redistribution of CD31/PECAM-1 and VE-cadherin, uPAR upregulation and de novo expression of CD13/APN. Such changes demonstrate the induction, in HUVEC, of an angiogenic profile. Most of these findings are directly linked to HHV-8-encoded proteins expression, suggesting that HHV-8 itself may participate to the initial steps of the angiogenic transformation in KS.

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Published
2009-06-30
Section
Original Papers
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How to Cite
Foglieni, C., Scabini, S., Belloni, D., Broccolo, F., Lusso, P., Malnati, M., & Ferrero, E. (2009). Productive infection of HUVEC by HHV-8 is associated with changes compatible with angiogenic transformation. European Journal of Histochemistry, 49(3), 273-284. https://doi.org/10.4081/954