The earthworm Dendrobaena veneta (Annelida): A new experimental-organism for photobiomodulation and wound healing

  • Andrea Amaroli University of Genoa, Department of Surgical Sciences and Integrated Diagnostic, Italy.
  • Sara Ferrando University of Genoa, Department of Earth, Environmental and Life Sciences, Italy.
  • Marina Pozzolini University of Genoa, Department of Earth, Environmental and Life Sciences, Italy.
  • Lorenzo Gallus University of Genoa, Department of Earth, Environmental and Life Sciences, Italy.
  • Steven Parker University of Genoa, Department of Surgical Sciences and Integrated Diagnostic, Italy.
  • Stefano Benedicenti | benedicenti@unige.it University of Genoa, Department of Surgical Sciences and Integrated Diagnostic, Italy. http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1302-3079

Abstract

Photobiomodulation (PBM) is a manipulation of cellular behavior using non-ablative low intensity light sources. This manipulation triggers a cascade of metabolic effects and physiological changes resulting in improved tissue repair, of benefit in the treatment of tissue injury, degenerative or autoimmune diseases. PBM has witnessed an exponential increase in both clinical instrument technology and applications. It is therefore of benefit to find reliable experimental models to test the burgeoning laser technology for medical applications. In our work, we proposed the earthworm Dendrobaena veneta for the study of non-ablative laser-light effects on wound healing. In our preliminary work, D. veneta has been shown to be positively affected by PBM. New tests using D. veneta were set up to evaluate the effectiveness of a chosen 808 nm-64 J/cm2–1W-CW laser therapy using the AB2799 hand-piece with flat-top bean profile, on the wound healing process of the earthworm. Effective outcome was assimilated through examining the macroscopic, histological, and molecular changes on the irradiated posterior-segment of excised-earthworms with respect to controls. Three successive treatments, one every 24 hours, were concluded as sufficient to promote the wound healing, by effects on muscular and blood vessel contraction, decrement of bacteria load, reduction of inflammatory processes and tissue degeneration. D. veneta was demonstrated to be a reliable experimental organism that meets well the 3Rs principles and the National Science Foundation statement. Through their genetic and evolutionary peculiarity, comparable to those of scientifically accredited models, D. veneta allows the effect of laser therapies by multidisciplinary methods, at various degree of complexity and costs to be investigated.

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Published
2018-02-09
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Original Papers
Keywords:
Low Level Laser Therapy, laser irradiation, scarring, anti-inflammatory, tissue repair, Heat Shock Protein, cell proliferation.
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How to Cite
Amaroli, A., Ferrando, S., Pozzolini, M., Gallus, L., Parker, S., & Benedicenti, S. (2018). The earthworm Dendrobaena veneta (Annelida): A new experimental-organism for photobiomodulation and wound healing. European Journal of Histochemistry, 62(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/ejh.2018.2867